Category Archives: Ancient Egypt

“Let My People Go!” and More Exodus Excitement!

I am a little sad {sniff, sniff} to leave Genesis after spending almost an entire school year there, but we have moved on to Exodus!  What an exciting story with so much for us to learn!  Here are a few things we’ve worked on so far…

We made Moses and Aaron staffs.  I think these are a hit with the boys because I hear them “playing Moses” every afternoon!  “Let my people go!” they shout!photo

We used wooden spoons and left one side unpainted so that it looks like a staff when you hold it up and like a snake when you throw it down!photo

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We have learned some interesting things about spiritual warfare!  Whoa!  Each plague and even the staff becoming a serpent was a direct attack by God on Egyptian gods and goddess.   Yeah!  I never knew that!

This is Apep, the serpent god of ancient Egypt.  He was the god of all evil and God started by showing pharaoh He was greater!Apep_1

Each plague can be associated with an Egyptian god or goddess.  We have studied nearly all school year about the importance of the Nile in Ancient Egypt.  Egyptians believed it was the source of all life and worshipped Khnum, the god of the Nile.  When God changed the waters of the Nile to blood, He was showing the Egyptians the real source of Life!

This is Khnum, god of the Nile.220px-Khnum.svg

For the first time this year, I let the big kids pick out their own little projects and work on them without any help.  (Yes, I know I’m behind!)  I let each of them choose anything having to do with what we’ve studied in Exodus.  I gave them a little direction as far as picking the project to study, but then let them work on their own.  Catherine choose to paint each of the Egyptian gods along with the matching plague.

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Leven is our outdoors guy.  He sometimes asks to go outside before breakfast!  He asks for “survival gear” for his birthday and checks out camping and wilderness training books from the library.photo

For his project, he made a list of what the Israelites would have needed for survival in the wilderness, whether or not God provided these things, and the scripture reference for his findings.  He also wants to build a model of Mount Sinai.photo

 My husband always tells our kiddos that they are training for reigning!  I think Moses was, too.  He protected and defended the weak 3 times, and after leaving Egypt spent 40 years as a shepherd, waiting and training, before God spoke to him in the burning bush, before he could be a leader for God’s people. It reminded us of David.  Our children, too, are with us in training– training for reigning!

We talked about the 40 year pattern of Moses’ life.  He spent 40 years growing up in the lap of luxury in Egypt.  He spent 40 years in Midian with Jethro and Zipporah.  And finally, he spent 40 years in the wilderness with God’s people.  Here are the pages the big kids added to their notebooks.photo

Our excitement in Exodus is sure to continue with more fun projects and –if I have anything to do with it– more crafts!  🙂

Yummy Mummies and Yucky Mummies

mummies

Here is WRAP UP 😉 of our mummy studies:

During the days of Joseph, Ancient Egyptians were wrapping mummies, building pyramids, painting tombs, and burying treasures all because of a great concern for pleasing false gods, avoiding personal extinction, and the quality of {after}life!  It has been interesting to investigate their beliefs.  But first, the not-so-serious stuff– food!  🙂  We had a lot of fun making YUMMY MUMMY MUNCHIES!

mummy dogs

more mummy munchies

And now for the more serious stuff and some yucky mummies.  Why did Egyptians go through such an elaborate process for the dead?  {We took great care to study this part of Egyptian history through the lens of God’s Word.}  We’ve already studied pyramid-building.  The long, hard, drudgery of building a pharaoh’s tomb lasted more than 20 years and required a labor force of thousands of men.  We’ve recently learned that mummification lasted 70 days and included more steps than I can count! Treasures of all kinds were collected and placed in the pyramids.

Good discussion with the kids:  “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.   For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.”  Matt 6: 19-21

Much care and preparation was taken to preserve a pharaoh’s body because Egyptians believed souls were perishable and must be recognized in the underworld. There was risk and danger of not being recognized by afterlife twins and spirits.   Salts from the Nile were placed on the body; organs were removed and preserved for use in the afterlife.  Many layers of shroud and linen were wrapped around the body as well as each finger and toe, for the pharaoh would need those, too!

More discussion:  “So it is with the resurrection of the dead.  What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable.  It is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory.  It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power.  It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.”  1 Corinthians 15:42-44

When a mummy was fully prepared for entry into the afterlife, it was buried in the pyramid with all that it would need for a life of prosperity and joy.  The mummy was also buried with The Book of the Dead, spells needed for a journey in the underworld before admittance into the afterlife.  Egyptians believed mummies (or bodies or souls or whatever?!) would be judged at the Hall of the Two Truths by 45 judges.  Their hearts would be placed on a scale and must be pure, lighter than a feather to enter.  If their hearts were heavy, the fire pit was their fate.  They would be devoured by an Egyptian demon, Ammit.

painting depicting the Hall of the Two Truths where the heart was weighed

painting depicting the Hall of the Two Truths where the heart was weighed

Even more discussion:  What is our salvation based upon?  How are we judged?  What will happen at Judgement?  What about our hearts?  What is faith, and what are works?  The kids took turns looking up many verses!  It was such a joy to see them wrap their heads around such big Bible truths and long to understand as much as they can about our Creator!  The twins helped us, too.  Their memory verse was:

Jesus said to him, I am

john 14-6

Thank you, Mrs. Jones for teaching us these hand motions!

Yucky Mummies:

mummy books

After studying the mummification process, we did some mummifying of our own!  We mummified apple slices.  I used this lesson plan from Education World.

BEFORE:

mummy apples

AFTER:

mummies revealed

Here are the pages we used for our “experiment”:

(click to print)

MUMMIFY APPLE 1

MUMMIFY APPLE 2

We added our experiment pages and the ones below to our notebooks!

mummy notebooks

MORE MUMMY FUN:

Here is a site where you can make your own mummy by following each step in the mummification process:  virtual mummy

What did the waiter say to the mummy?  “Bone Appetit!”  Here are more mummy jokes!

And that’s a WRAP!  🙂

Fun with Joseph on Our Journey Through Genesis

joseph suncatchers

We are still journeying through Genesis at our house!  Here are some of the crafts we enjoyed while learning about Joseph and his life in Egypt.

Signet Rings

“Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and clothed him in fine linen and put a gold chain about his neck.”  Genesis 41:42

This craft got a little messy, so I’m glad we used washable ink!  We used pipe cleaners and beads to make rings that fit little fingers.  We cut small ovals from styrofoam plates and pressed hieroglyph designs on our rings with pens.  Then we stamped away!

signet ring craft

Signet ring stamps

 {simple} Joseph Snacks

This was easy, fun, and required almost no prep!  Yay for Mom!  We decorated Joseph’s coat on coloring pages with goodies!

Joe snack

Joseph candy snack

Yep, I let them eat this. 🙂

Joseph’s Coat Sun-catchers

I’ve been wanting to make melted crayon sun-catchers with the kids for a while, and this seemed like the perfect time to do it!  What makes a more colorful sun-catcher than Joseph’s coat?!  I know you remember these, moms!  🙂

We used waxed paper, grated (with a cheese grater) crayons, and an iron.  IF YOU decide  to make these, use a towel between the waxed paper and the iron.  We found that a teeny-weeny amount of crayon shavings made the prettiest ones.

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Aren’t they precious?  Even my big guy who doesn’t get very excited about crafts wanted to see how his crayons would melt.  And… so that these crafts wouldn’t be totally void of learning 😉 (although they were done in addition to our assignments), the big kids and I discussed character qualities that Joseph displayed throughout his life.  We came up with quite a lengthy list!  The littles retold the story as we worked.

Our journey through Genesis continues as we learn more about life (and death) in Ancient Egypt at the time of Joseph!  We’ve been studying mummies!  Yuck… more to come!  I’d rather make cute sun-catchers myself!  😉

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Back to R & R… and P!

Yes, it was time for this crew to get back to R & R… Reality and Routine!  Ha ha!  We had a  busy week back in homeschool after a fun three-week break!

The twins learned all about Pp this week!  The big kids wanted to be very involved in the preschool messes fun!  We enjoyed making peanut butter.

1 cup roasted peanuts, 1/4 tsp salt, and 1 tbsp oil

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Making pink putty and purple play dough was fun, too!

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We made pumpkin pie play dough  during our fun Pumpkin Party week, so this time we tried using apple pie spice, cinnamon, and cloves!

The silly putty recipe came from Compelled By Mel.  We had to add more glue to get ours just right.  It was a huge hit!

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But… BE CAREFUL!  🙂

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As if we didn’t have enough sticky messes, we also made peanut butter play dough, known at our house as “1st Grade Candy” because my mother-in-law has been making it for my husband since he was in First Grade!  Yummy! 🙂

1 c. peanut butter, 1 c. light Karo, 1 1/4 c. powdered sugar, 1 1/4 c. powdered milk

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This school year the big kids have been studying Genesis and Ancient Egypt with our Veritas Press history.  We are discussing the 12 tribes of Israel and Joseph being sold into slavery in Egypt.  We have been exploring Egypt, learning about the life and writing.  The kids watched a YouTube video on papyrus making and used papyrus!  I’ve been receiving some strange notes. 😉

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"I love Mom so much"

“I love Mom so much”

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“Zaphenath-paneah”

We discussed the Ancient Egyptians’ worship of idols and false gods…

“For what can be known about God  is plain… clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made.  So they are without excuse.  For although they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks to Him, but they became futile in their thinking and their foolish hearts were darkened.  Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles… they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator.”  Romans 1:19-24

School is back in session!